Publications of Antypas, A.

Sitting on the fence? Policies and practices in managing human-wildlife conflict in Limpopo Province, South Africa

Human-wildlife conflicts are the product of socio-economic and political landscapes and are contentious because the resources concerned have economic value and species are often high profile and legally protected. Within a governance framework, we detail institutional roles and the effectiveness of policies and practices of controlling damage-causing animals (DCAs) at Kruger National Park (KNP) and Limpopo Province along KNP’s western border. Most DCAs originate from the park, significantly affecting its long-term legitimacy among local communities. Between 2002 and 2004, over 12% of households within 15 km of the park experienced DCA damage, with incidents significantly correlated with being located closer to KNP and having higher numbers of mammalian livestock. These incidents are affecting opinions concerning KNP, as those who experienced damage were less likely to believe that the park would ever help their household economically. According to 482 DCA incident records from 1998 to 2004, the most problematic species are buffalo, lion, elephant, hippo and crocodile. Limpopo Province utilised professional hunters in DCA control, however, widespread abuses including the direct luring of lion led to a national moratorium on specific hunting practices. DCA procedures are highly flawed due to ambiguity concerning species and movement of DCAs, poor reporting, inadequate response times, overlapping responsibilities, and corruption. These are exacerbated by weak and, in some cases, competing institutions. Further, the controversial issue of undelivered compensation is determining negative attitudes by communities towards institutions who have historically promised it. Drawing on good governance principles, we offer recommendations on alleviating DCA conflicts in such contexts.

Antypas A, Stec S, Steger T. Transition and Governance : The Case of Post-Communist States. In: Winter G, editor. Multilevel Governance of Global Environmental Change : Perspectives from Science, Sociology and the Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2006. p. 358-83.

Other International Developments

Abstract: Traces the development of the Governance Principles for Foreign Direct Investment in Hazardous Activities in the context of overall efforts to improve corporate social and environmental responsibilities. Sustainable development principles in the term 'corporate social and environmental responsibility'; Voluntary codes and foreign direct investment; Difficulty in assessing the overall 'greening' of investment.

Renewable electricity support schemes in Central Europe: A case of incomplete policy transfer

Despite the relatively high potential contribution of renewable energy sources (RES) to the energy mixes of the countries in Central Europe and the officially stated support for RES deployment, progress towards implementing that commitment has been slow. This article examines the content and coherence of support schemes for the promotion of RES adopted by the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. We argue that RES support schemes suffer from some weaknesses that are a function of the means by which renewable energy objectives were imported into the region. The preparations for accession to the EU encouraged a process of "policy transfer" of policies negotiated and designed elsewhere. Consequently, policies sometimes suffer from technical deficiencies, lack of political support, implementation and enforcement obstacles. The challenge now is to review the policies adopted during the transition period, rationalise their legal superstructure, and implement them in the context of well-developed strategic objectives with political and stakeholder understanding and support.

Antypas A, McLain RJ, Gilden J, Dyson G. Federal nontimber forest products policy and management. In: Jones ET, McLain R, Weigand JF, editors. Nontimber forest products in the United States. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas; 2002. (Development of western resources).
Antypas A. The Institutional Development of the Commoditized Economy. In: Manno JP, editor. Privileged Goods, Commoditization and Its Impact on Environment and Society. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2000. p. 149-72.
Shannon MA, Antypas A. Open institutions : uncertainty and ambiguity in 21st-century forestry. In: Kohm KA, Franklin JF, editors. Creating a forestry for the 21st century : the science of ecosystem management. Washington, D.C.: Island Press; 1997. p. 437-46.

The dynamics of legitimation and the case of the US Forest Service : a theoretical and historical discussion

"August 1995." "Prepared ... as part of the ongoing efforts of the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project, co-managed by the U.S. Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management." -- Preface.